THE MAGNIFICENCE OF IDAHO & TREASURE VALLEY &
GROWTH OF ADA & CANYON COUNTIES: A PROPOSED
PLANNED COMMUNITY DISTRICT (PCD) OR MUNICIPALITY
KNOWN AS MONTEBELLO
Idaho History, Religion, Cultural, Population, Idaho Economy &
Inflation, Employment, Demand Indicators of A Growing Economy of Boise MSA & Southwestern Region and 99 Counties of the Columbian Basin Employment and Restricted Land for Development
PART I of II
Part II of II
I have nothing against my Arabian bothers and sisters who would rather pray and fast then fight for two days and nights. I will embrace anyone, any where who puts peace above there petty judgments. Peace enhances liberty and freedoms.
In 2000 and 2001, I worked with Sun Rivers Investment Inc. as the administrative assistant of the CEO and President, Sam Sarich.
Sam had visited the Prince of the United Arab Emirates i/juːˌnaɪtɨd ˌærəb ˈɛmɪrɨts/ (Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة, Al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabiyyah al-Muttaḥidah), his country sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE. San’s daughter’s husband at the time worked for the Prince. Sam came back to Oregon excited that the Prince would consider investing in a 5,200 acre plus Planned Community District in Idaho close to Boise.
I’ve been under an international circumvention agreement until recently and I think its time to share what could have been and hopefully, in respect to the future, with other investors, Montebello could still one day be possible if the property owners still want to sell there properties. Its been many years and some of these properties may have been sold, but the location is perfect for a PCD.
PCD’s or no open space living is the issue, although PCD’s can be independent with energy savings benefits. My boss, SRI CEO wouldn’t let me go public after the Prince turned down the investment, so all the property owners could not be represented to the best of my ability which for years has steamed me a little.
But an agreement in business is honored by those of us who still see value in honor. At any rate, my willingness to partner with the Prince and at that time the who’s who of land development was ready to go to work. This project was “Shovel Ready.”
I don’t want people to think I hate Muslims profit warrior or Arabians with different degrees of severity in carrying out Shari Law provided all manners of expression are peaceful, so I’m sharing my willingness in the past to partner with the Prince and others that followed once the Prince bailed.
I DON’T UNDERSTAND WHY SOME Arabian Muslims in America can live peacefully while an alarming number of others world wide and in particular the Middle East cannot.
So I’m left with thinking some follow there profits words to the letter of the law and others don’t. My Lord’s message was peaceful, love your neighbor, etc., not kill the unbelievers.
Anyway had the Prince invested in this project in May or June 2001 before 9/11, a genie friend at that time to America in my view and today, why not, even though he may not have been as welcome as if the attack had not happened yet the decision not to invest came after I wrote the book and investment plan and before the 9/11 attack. I remember an offer of a donation by a Prince of an Arabian nation that wasn’t received well after the attack..
It could have been a real bonding experience had the Prince invested, or the PCD could have been a segregated community and or not. Anyone can speculate. The fact is Sam liked the Price and though he was a good man. All involved in the project believed in Sam Sarich, CEO, SRI Inc., so we gave it our best. I remember months of reading before I began typing away. And phone conversations between the owners and developers were intense, I still have hand written letters about the development from one of the owners, a former Captain in the Air Force during WW II. So I have only good wishes for the Prince.
When the Prince bailed on investing others attempted to secure funds like Muhamad Gandura and others addressed in letters I’ve up loaded on this web site. Most my records are in Oregon as I’m in Mexico but the investors are not the story, the PCD’s merit at the time as compared to today is the test of whether it was good or bad investment because the future under Obama guarantees that a Montebello would never be created as the economic engine in America has stalled like an airplane that lost engine power for a few minutes and then the pilot recovered the aircraft and then an hour later another stall, adjusting the fuel mixture, leaning the fuel out in hopes to make it home low on fuel.
I liked Muhamad Gandura. It would have been a great working experiment to see how well American Muslims lived with others with different beliefs in a community managing itself. I WOULD HAVE PUSHED FOR NO SEGRATION.
My fellow Arabian brothers and sisters speak out for peace, let Americans here your voices through facebook, twitter or if your afraid to do anything then do nothing that will put you in harms way, but if you have a candle then light it for a minute or two and make a wish for peace.
If Middle Eastern Arabians don’t want peace then there will not be peace. I've presented more insight on this web site then I should have I think, heck I’ve even scolded our President and CIC, the latter evaluated differently then as Presidents. Obama forgot he has two commands and tuned the federal government into a social club, married the media, “We won’t Air that video until its verified.” by who dummy, you, your boss or Obama.
You people make me sick, sick at hear to know truth means nothing. A bullshit rule doesn’t it. Maybe Americans deserve the default coming our way or maybe only a few do but its going to affect us all. That American dream you all been dreaming of, its going to be ripped out from underneath your feet unless you get your shit together as a country economically, projects like this will never happen.
Had this project commenced, today it would be an independent community with homes energy efficient in 2001standards to include an enerwaste facility, brown water ponds, energy self reliant with homes sold at as low as $120,000.00 with open space, parks, schools, businesses and community buildings and services. This project would have made the investor allot of money and support thousands of construction jobs.
I was only after 50 million, yet Obam threw away 500 million because the government doesn’t have a 40/60 investment plan in a energy and animal waste mediation plan to protect the echo system and water table, so the EPA fly’s drones over farmers lands to spy on farmers spraying animal brown water on there fields I guess. The poultry industry isn’t much better.
Hey, how's that algae pond scum fuel program doing anyway Mr. Obama? If you’re wish is that I DROP DEAD because I’m an infidel then I forgive you. If you kill me, GOD will have to forgive you. If you target more then I guess four Americans working for the federal government overseas, America might send the army after you. Four or less you get the FBI in a country that has no firm government, stable police force, everyone with a gun and you send 50 marines and two destroyers.
Man, pull out the flag, abandoned the embassy and let those folks sort out there own differences of send an aircraft carrier and the rangers, securing a patch of earth an airport and let everyone know were thereto stay or get the heck out of that anti-American country and stop apologizing for free speech.
The sad, sad fact is that when Iran and America battle, the U.S. Navy and all its assets will severally damage and destroy Iran’s military might they are boasting presently. I hope the Prince is still in support of America. I don’t believe the Prince or his people want me dead because I’m an infidel and I hope I’m right?
I created a business plan and book that was delivered to the Prince or least we were told he got it. I have no intention of verifying internet addresses at this time or in the near future, now 11 years old, but the book illustrates what will never be again available if Obama’s strangling of the economy continues by not offering an option to EPA regulations.
Heck, animal waste mediation and sin gas coal plants not even explored, but that’s a different subject.
THE MAGNIFICENCE OF IDAHO & TREASURE VALLEY &
GROWTH OF ADA & CANYON COUNTIES: A PROPOSED
PLANNED COMMUNITY DISTRICT (PCD) OR MUNICIPALITY
KNOWN AS MONTEBELLO
First publication:………………..October 27, 2000
Second revised publication:…..December 26, 2000
Third revised publication:……..January 15, 2001
Fourth revised publication:……March 31, 2001
Fifth revised publication:………February 1, 2002
Sixth revision:…………………..June 20, 2002
Publisher: Energy Quest National Energy Efficient Development Founder
BRUCE WAYNE HENION
Communicating ideas often originates diversification between those seeking the betterment of their society and community. The challenge to communicate ideas opens an individual up to criticism of those ideas presented for public debate.
Many current issues on land development will upon final outcome, will shape our communities of tomorrow and improve cities of today.
“Few offer impelling illustrations that open windows to the reader to see the exciting application for today’s struggles,” Lloyd J. Ogilvie.
Montebello illustrates a compressive overview of Boise and Southwestern Idaho growth in every aspect and information beneficial for visitors of Idaho and residents of Idaho, the golden state. The design of the Communicator’s Commentary gives the reader an overall outline of:
Economy Growth, Population Growth, Region Employers, Employment Opportunities, Traditional Values, International Works of Great Worth, State and County Parks, Festivals, Theater & the Performing Arts, Concerts, Professional Sports, Region Recreational Activities, Volunteer services, Museums, History of the Treasure Valley, Commercial and Residential development, issues on Land Development, Sprawl, New Urbanism, Planned Community Districts, Regional airports and Forest Fires of 2000 only to highlight information’s compiled.
A prime objective of this series is to present to the reader an envisioned Planned Community District or Municipality located in the Southwester region of Idaho, approximately 10 miles southwest of Boise off I-84.
As there are no certainties in life, the final outcome of Montebello is yet to be told. Property owners are willing to sale their properties, either to one entity or several and the area has all the ingredients for residential subdivisions, commercial, manufacturing and industrial areas, i.e. water resources; Acceptance of Planned Community Districts in Ada County, providing all regulatory requirements are met and area designated has enough room for future expansion, establishing “meets and bounds;” and Chapter’s I, II & III clearly illustrates an author’s attempt to illuminate the facts.
In August of 2000 Sam Sarich introduced to me Albert & Kathleen Blaser, pioneering founders of Sun River Investment Inc., partnering with Sam Sarich in order to create a Planned Community District “Montebello.” Albert Blazer’s vision of Montebello will live on as a testament to his devotion to his beloved Idaho.
Evidences provided illustrate the proposed Planned Community District’s potential. The Idaho Statesman, one of the most compressive reporting resources in America, supports growth demand indicators of the Southwestern region of Boise Idaho.
Montebello was the result of one and half months of sleepless nights and over 400 hours of work. Revisions since completion have resulted in several hundred hours.
Production of Montebello was a great challenge. In 1985, I fail from a roof and broke my neck. I am now a Quad with limited use of my arms and wrist. I researched and typed this book myself with no ones help. Disabilities do not enable a person from accomplishing anything as long as a person believes in their goal, stays motivated and without due diligence and hard work, no one can write the final chapter.
I wish to thank my pastor for support of my personal well being and Ted Johnson and Albert Blaser for supportive information’s provided. Montebello is dedicated in memory of Albert Blaser. Without Sam Sarich’s belief in my capabilities the opportunity of being involved in Sun River Investment opportunities or the idea to write this book would not have been possible. I wish to thank my father for his support and I am proud of my father’s accomplishments, having constructed over 700 commercial, agriculture and residential structures and our talents, skills and belief in our Lord Jesus Christ and GOD the Father, have provided substance to our lives.
Although most geographic regions of the United States economy appear to be growing well, there are some areas that offer unusual opportunities for sustained growth, with factors that indicate a thriving local economy for years to come. The Boise, Idaho region of the northwest is such an area. Boise and Nampa are positioned on the leading edge of Idaho’s dramatic growth — growth projected to continue for some time to come.
While Boise has limited room to expand, the proposed Planned Community District (PCD) Southwest of the Boise is wide open and presents a great investment potential as a result of low land costs. Areas such as Nampa and Caldwell to the west require only a 30-minute commute to the Micron Technology Plant. The proposed area for a PCD is less than one-half that distance.
New home construction within the present Boise city limits is proceeding rapidly but is limited by cost for new development, and scarce available ground for residential subdivisions. There are strong demand indications of future growth of Boise and the Southwestern region of Boise is an area capable of handling population growth.
Chapter I Idaho History, Religion, Cultural, Population, Idaho Economy &
Inflation, Employment, Demand Indicators of A Growing Economy of Boise MSA & Southwestern Region and 99 Counties of the Columbian Basin Employment and Restricted Land for
Chapter II Authors Professional History
Chapter III Montebello A proposed Planned Community District (PCD) or
Municipality & Growth of Cities of Ada & Canyon Counties Idaho
Appendix A Properties Involved in the Proposed PCD
Appendix B Residential Subdivision Artist Conception
Appendix C Proposed Phase One Development
Appendix D PCD - New Urban Design Residential & Business Establishments
Appendix E Ada County Highway District
Chapter IV Municipal Incorporation Procedures & Idaho State Regulations and Ada County Planning and Zoning information’s and ordinances for Land Development (City of Star, Hidden Springs, Harris Ranch) and Montebello as a PCD verses City Incorporation
Appendix A Idaho State and County Departments and Agencies
Appendix B New Urban Development Design Concepts
Appendix C Ada County Development Services Director Jeffrey L. Patlovich
October 31, 2000 letter on the subject of Planned Communities
Chapter V Bureau of Land Management (BLM) procedures relating to BLM properties that can be traded for public properties
Chapter VI Proposed PCD Water Resources, Utilities and Wastewater Disposal Treatment Facility & Ada County Environmental Health Standards and Idaho Department Environmental Quality for Land Development
Appendix A Property Water Documentation and Listing of Wells
Appendix B Vitrification International Technologies - EnerWaste
Appendix C Waste Water Technologies (WWT)
Chapter VII Montebello Proposed Airport & Growth of Boise, Caldwell & Nampa Airports
Appendix A Proposed Airport Property Description
Appendix B Map of Proposed Airport
Appendix C Idaho Aeronautic Statutes
Chapter VIII Idaho State Parks, Forest and Books on Idaho
Chapter IX Idaho (Boise MSA) Volunteer Opportunities, Festivals, Professional Sports & Entertainment Activities, Cinema, Theater, Performing Arts, Concerts, Outdoor Recreational Activities, Ada & Canyon County Parks, Real Estate and Public & Private Schools
Chapter X Ada and Canyon Counties Residential and Commercial Growth
Appendix A Ada County Residential Home Sales/Prices 1998 through Present
Appendix B Canyon County Residential Home Sales/Prices 1998 through Present
Appendix C Ada and Canyon Counties City Expansion Infrastructure Cost and Tax Base Increase through Annexation & Growth
Appendix D Commercial and Manufacturing Acres Hard to Find within Boise MSA
Appendix E Ada County (Boise MSA) commercial growth 2000 through Present
Appendix F Canyon County commercial growth 2000 through Present
Appendix G Canyon County Conflicts over Growth 2000 through Present
Appendix H Land Development Specialist and Home Builders of Idaho
Appendix I Boise and Meridian Areas and Ada and Canyon Counties Selected Cities Overview and average/median Home Sales from 1998 through Present
SELECTED AREAS statistics obtained from Southwestern Idaho Regional Multiple Listing Service or the Ada County Association of Realtors®; evaluating Residential Home Sales 1998 through Present
North & North End Boise (Area 100)
Northeast and East End Boise (Area 200)
Southeast Boise (Area 300)
West Boise Central Bench (Area 400)
Southwest Boise (Area 500)
Southwest Boise and Meridian (Area 550)
West Boise (Area 600)
West Boise and Garden City - Meridian District (Area 650)
Garden City (Area 700) & Garden City Meridian District (750 - 1999 & 2000)
Northwest Boise (Area 800) and Garden City Meridian District (Area 750) - Combined and refereed to as Area 800
Eagle (Area 900)
Star (Area 950)
Southeast Meridian (Area 1000)
Southwest Meridian (Area 1010)
Northeast Meridian (Area 1020)
Northwest Meridian (Area 1030)
Kuna (Area 1100)
ADA COUNTY HOMES SALES MONTHLY AVERAGE OCTOBER 1998 THROUGH JUNE 2002
Nampa Canyon County Overview - North Nampa Urban Renewal Agency
Nampa (Area 1250)
Nampa ((Area 1260 & 1265 - 2nd & 3rd Qtr 2000 only))
Nampa (Area 1270)
Caldwell - Canyon
Caldwell (NW) - (Area 1275)
Caldwell (SW) - (Area 1280)
Middleton (Area 1285)
Area 1290 refereed to as Other Areas such as Parma, Wilder, Greenleaf and Melba. Melba statistics discontinued around February 2002
Idaho History, Religion, Cultural, Population, Idaho Economy &Inflation, Employment,
Demand Indicators of A Growing Economy of Boise MSA & Southwestern Region and
99 Counties of the Columbian Basin Employment and Restricted Land for Development
PART I of II
IDAHO & TREASURE VALLEY AND THE SNAKE RIVER BASIN HISTORY
"Idaho, one of the Rocky Mt. states in the NW United States is bordered by Montana and Wyoming (E), Utah and Nevada (S), Oregon and Washington (W), and the Canadian province of British Columbia (N)." Factmonster. (Ref. 1A). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0824893.html
"Idaho is one of the Pacific Slope States, lying like a roughly shaped rudder, and stretching 485 miles south from the boundary separating the United States from Canada, with its base extending east from Oregon to Wyoming. It is bounded on the south by Utah and Nevada, on the West by Oregon and Washington, on the east by Wyoming and Montana, on the north by British Columbia. It's area is 83,779 square miles, of which one-third is set apart as United States Government forest reserves, an estimated 20 million-acres." The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VII. (Ref. 2A).
"Area, 83,557 sq mi (216,413 sq km). Pop. (1995 est.) 1,163,000; (1990) 1,006,749, a 6.6% increase over 1980 pop. Capital and largest city, Boise. Statehood, July 3, 1890 (43d state). Highest pt., Borah Peak, 12,662 ft (3,862 m); lowest pt., Snake R., 710 ft (217 m). Nickname, Gem State. Motto, Esto Perpetua [It Is Perpetual]. State bird, mountain bluebird. State flower, syringa." (Ref. 1B). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0858738.htmlv "Boise Elevation 2,842’ Mean Temperature 50.9 Annual Sun Days 234 Annual Precipitation 12.11 - Robnett Properties, Star, Idaho. (Ref. 3A). http://www.impactrealestate.com/stats.htm
Geography (Ref. 1C). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0858737.html
"Much of Idaho has an unspoiled beauty, with rugged slopes and towering peaks, a vast expanse of timberland, scenic lakes, wild rivers, cascades, and spectacular gorges. From the northern Panhandle, where Idaho is about 45 mi (72 km) wide, the state broadens south of the Bitterroot Range to 310 mi (499 km) in width. The Snake River flows in a great arc across S Idaho; with its tributaries the river has been harnessed to produce hydroelectric power and to reclaim vast areas of dry but fertile land. To the north of the Snake River valley, in central and north central Idaho, are the massive Sawtooth Mts. and the Salmon River Mts., which shelter magnificent wilderness areas, including the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness, the Selway Bitterroot Wilderness Area, and the Idaho Primitive Area.
In the central and north central regions and in the Panhandle there are tremendous expanses of national forests covering approximately two fifths of the state and constituting one of the largest areas of national forests in the nation. Idaho's jagged granite peaks include Mt. Borah, which is 12,662 ft (3,859 m) high. Hells Canyon, which at one point is 7,900 ft (2408 m) below the mountain tops, is the deepest gorge in North America. The state also contains Craters of the Moon National Monument and a protected grove of ancient cedars at Upper Priest Lake.
Rushing rivers such as the Salmon and the Clearwater, and many lakes, notably Lake Pend Oreille, Lake Coeur d'Alene (often described as one of the world's loveliest), and Priest Lake, as well as the state's mountain areas, make Idaho a superb fish and game preserve and vacation land. The state is especially inviting to campers, anglers, and hunters (Idaho has one of the largest elk herds in the nation). The state's climate ranges from hot summers in the arid southern basins to cold, snowy winters in the high wilderness areas of central and northern Idaho."
Bitterroot Range (Ref. 1D). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0807718.html
"Bitterroot Range, part of the Rocky Mts., on the Idaho-Mont. line. The main range, running northwest - southeast, includes Trapper Peak (10,175 ft/3,101 m high); Mt. Garfield (10,961 ft/3,341 mi), in an east-running spur to the south, is the highest peak. Discovered in the 1804–5 expedition of Lewis and Clark, the rugged mountain range has long been one of the most impenetrable in the United States; except for its foothills, it remains almost completely unexploited."
Snake River (Ref. 1E). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0845677.html
"Snake, river, 1,038 miles (1,670 km) long, NW United States, the chief tributary of the Columbia; once called the Lewis River. The Snake rises in NW Wyoming, in Yellowstone National Park, flows through Jackson Lake in Grand Teton National Park, then S and W into Idaho and northwest to its junction with the Henrys Fork River. The combined stream runs southwest, then northwest, crossing southern Idaho through the Snake River plain; there are several notable falls. The Snake makes a bend into Oregon and turns north to form the Idaho-Oregon and Idaho-Washington lines (receiving several tributaries, including the Boise and Salmon rivers), then turns at Lewiston, Idaho (at the mouth of the Clearwater River), and flows generally west to join the Columbia River near Pasco, Wash. Hell's Canyon is the greatest of the Snake's many gorges and one of the deepest in the world. Extending c.125 mi (200 km) N along the Oregon-Idaho line, it reaches a maximum depth of c.7,900 ft (2,410 m).
The Snake was explored by the Lewis and Clark expedition (1803–6) and was of major importance in U.S. expansion into the Pacific Northwest. The river is a major source of electricity, having numerous hydroelectric power plants. The upper and middle courses of the Snake and its tributaries are much used for irrigation by private projects (one of the most notable being at Twin Falls) and by projects of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, including the Minidoka project, the Boise project, the Palisades project, and the Owyhee project. Four navigation and hydroelectric power projects along the lower Snake provide slack water navigation from the mouth of the Snake 140 mi (225 km) upstream to Lewiston, Idaho. The projects are linked with the navigation system on the Columbia River. The late 1990s brought efforts to restore portions of the river by removing gravel and establishing new islands."
Idaho Counties - ohwy.com. (Ref. 4A) http://www.ohwy.com/id/i/idcounty.htm
Idaho U. S. City Network (Ref. 5)
Idaho Cities - State of Idaho. (Ref. 6A)
Idaho Community Pages - 50states.com. (Ref. 7)
Boise Idaho Area Information - Courtesy of Russ Stanley, Broker of Le Bois Realty. (Ref. 8A) http://www.lebois.com/html/boise_idaho.html#Other%20Sites
"Idaho Territory was formed in 1863 due to exploration by Capital in Lewiston.
Ada County was established as part of the Idaho Territory in 1864 with Boise as its county seat. In 1890, Idaho was admitted as the 43rd state, and the City of Boise was chosen as its capital. Boise has aptly become the premier city in the state leading in population, manufacturing, retailing and quality of life." Boise Metro Economic Development Council. (Ref. 9A). http://www.boiseid.acn.net
"Idaho's constitution, adopted in 1889, became effective in 1890 upon statehood. The state's chief executive is a governor elected for a term of four years. The legislature consists of a 42-member senate and an 84-member House of Representatives. The state also elects two representatives and two senators to the U.S. Congress and has four electoral votes." (Ref. 1F). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0858739.htmlhttp://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0858739.html
Idaho Statutes - TITLE 67 STATE GOVERNMENT AND STATE AFFAIRS (Ref. 6B). http://www3.state.id.us/idstat/TOC/67FTOC.html
Interactive Numeric & Spatial Information Data Center - Redistricting 2001 Links - Inside Idaho. (Ref. 10). http://inside.uidaho.edu/redistrict2001/GeneralInformationLinks.htm
Idaho State and Local Government - Library of Congress web Idaho. (Ref. 11). http://lcweb.loc.gov/global/state/id-gov.html
Best of the Treasure Valley - Idaho Statesman (Ref. 12A).
Idaho Media Guide - 2001- Idaho Press. (Ref. 13).
Idaho Film Bureau - "Search for locations, in Idaho Fil Bureau photo data base of over 700 images. You'll find permit information, climate data, contacts, detailed grid maps, links to related sites and a complete list of lodging properties throughout Idaho." Idaho Department of Commerce. (Ref. 14).
History of Idaho - Idaho Statesman (Ref. 12B).
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VII - Idaho History (Ref. 2B).
Further History of Idaho past to present can be found at Idaho Office of the Governor web site and covers the following: (Ref. 6C). http://www.state.id.us/gov/histcont.htm
Northwest Territory 1803 - 1847 Oregon Territory 1848 - 1852
Oregon & Washington Territories 1853 - 1858 Washington Territory 1859 -1862
Idaho Territory 1863 - 1889 State of Idaho 1890 - 1899
State of Idaho 1900 - 1919 State of Idaho 1920 - 1939
State of Idaho 1940 - 1959 State of Idaho 1960 - 1979
State of Idaho 1980 to present
Condensed History of Idaho past to present can be found at Fact Monster web site and covers the following: (Ref. 1G). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0858740.html
Basque Pelota Court Mountain Home Early Explorers and Fur Traders (Ref. 1G).
"Probably the first nonnatives to enter the area that is now Idaho were members of the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1805. They were not far ahead of the fur traders who came to the region shortly thereafter. A Canadian, David Thompson of the North West Company, established the first trading post in Idaho in 1809. The next year traders from St. Louis penetrated the mountains, and Andrew Henry of the Missouri Fur Company established a post near present-day Rexburg, the first American trading post established in the area.
In this period the fortunes of the Idaho region were wrapped up with those of the Columbia River region, and the area encompassed by what is now the state of Idaho was part of Oregon country, held jointly by the United States and Great Britain from 1818 to 1846.
Fur traders in an expedition sent out by John Jacob Astor came to the Snake River region to trap for furs after having established (1811) a trading post at Astoria on the Columbia River. In 1821 two British trading companies operating in the Idaho region, the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, were joined together as the Hudson's Bay Company which, after 1824, came into competition with American mountain men also trapping in the area. By the 1840s the two groups had severely depleted the region's fur supply."
Gold, Settlement, and Resistance (Ref. 1G).
"In 1846 the United States gained sole claim to Oregon country south of the 49th parallel by the Oregon Treaty with Great Britain. The area was established as a territory in 1848. Idaho still had no permanent settlement when Oregon Territory became a state in 1859 and the eastern part of Idaho was added to Washington Territory. A Mormon outpost founded at Franklin in 1860 is considered the first permanent settlement, but it was not until the discovery of gold that settlers poured into Idaho.
Gold was discovered on the Clearwater River in 1860, on the Salmon in 1861, in the Boise River basin in 1862, and gold and silver were found in the Owyhee River country in 1863. The usual rush of settlers followed, along with the spectacular but ephemeral growth of towns. Most of these settlements are only ghost towns now, but the many settlers who poured in during the gold rush—mainly from Washington, Oregon, and California, with smaller numbers from the east—formed a population large enough to demand new government administration, and Idaho Territory was set up in 1863.
Native Americans, mostly Kootenai, Nez Percé, Western Shoshone, Bannock, Coeur d'Alene, and Pend d'Oreille, became upset by the incursion of settlers and some resisted violently. The federal government had subdued many of these groups by 1858, placing them on reservations. The Bannock were defeated in 1863 and again in 1878. In 1876–77 the Nez Percé, led by Chief Joseph, made their heroic but unsuccessful attempt to flee to Canada while being pursued by U.S. troops."
Development and Disputes (Ref. 1G).
"A new mining boom started in 1882 with the discovery of gold in the Coeur d'Alene, and although the gold strike ended in disappointment, it prefaced the discovery there of some of the richest silver mines in the world. Coeur d'Alene and Kellogg became notable mining centers, and the Bunker Hill and Sullivan (a lead mine) became extremely famous mines. Severe labor troubles in the mines at the end of the century led to political uprisings. Frank Steunenberg, who as governor had used federal troops to put down the uprisings, was assassinated in 1905. The trial of William Haywood and others accused of involvement in the murder drew national attention and marked the beginning of the long career of William E. Borah (who had prosecuted the mine leaders) as an outstanding Republican party leader in the state and nation.
The late 19th century also witnessed the growth of cattle and sheep ranching, along with the strife that developed between the two groups of ranchers over grazing areas. The coming of the railroads (notably the Northern Pacific) through Idaho in the 1880s and 90s brought new settlers and aided in the founding of such cities as Idaho Falls, Pocatello, and American Falls."
Putting Water and the Atom to Work (Ref. 1-G).
"Expanding Idaho farming led to private irrigation projects. Some of these aroused public opposition, which led to establishment of state irrigation districts under the Carey Land Act of 1894. The Reclamation Act of 1902 brought direct federal aid. Notables among public reclamation works are the Boise and Minidoka projects. Both public and private, these have also helped to increase the development of Idaho's enormous hydroelectric potential. Further private hydroelectric projects along the Snake River were put into operation between 1959 and 1968.
In 1949 the Atomic Energy Commission built the National Reactor Testing Station in SE Idaho. Now known as the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, the facility in 1955 provided energy for nearby Arco, the first American town to be lighted by electricity from a nuclear power plant.
Idaho suffered during the recession of the early 1980s but rebounded later in the decade by attracting new business, including high-technology firms. The growth of the winter sports industry has helped make Idaho a leading tourist state."
Treasure Valley - Ada County - Boise
Treasure Valley courtesy of Russ Stanley, Broker of Le Bois Realty (Ref. 8B). http://www.lebois.com/html/boise_idaho.html
“The Treasure Valley, as a name, began in the 1950s as the promotional brainchild of local chambers of commerce. Until then, the area from roughly Boise to the Oregon line was generally known as the Boise Valley.
The name Boise is said to have originated in the 1830s, with a fateful utterance by Capt. Benjamin Louis Eulalle de Bonneville. An army officer on leave to explore the wilderness and trap beaver, Bonneville is said to have spotted the trees along the Boise River and, over joyed with the prospect of greenery after miles of simmering desert, exclaimed in his native French, "les bois, les bois.” The woods, the woods. It's been "Boise" pretty much ever since.
For three decades, things stayed about the same along Bonneville's wooded river. Then, in 1863, a plot of ground against the Boise Front near what is now Fort Street in East Boise was chosen as a site for a military post. By then, gold had been discovered in the nearby mountains, hordes of prospectors were pouring in, and the Oregon Trail was continuing to bring settlers. A fort was needed to protect the newcomers from Indian raids.
Maj. Pinckney Lugenbeel selected the fort site on July 4, 1863. Three days later, eight Settlers laid out the town site, which consisted of five blocks extending from the fort to the river. One of the 'founding fathers" was Tom Davis, best remembered today for his gift of a riverside park named after his wife, Julia.
With two named streets, Main Street and Garrison Street, Boise was up and running. Five months later, to the day, it became the territorial capital. The second territorial legislature, recognizing the population shift wrought by gold fever, moved the capital from Lewiston and Idaho has been waging its own North-South skirmishes ever since.
Lugenbeel's orders for selecting a fort site were to choose a spot with water, wood for building, grass for pasture and fertile land for growing fertile dams, the river and the fertile valley would support generations of farmers. Abundant sandstone provided material for many of the city's prominent buildings, including the Statehouse. A town without a railhead was at serious disadvantage, and the Oregon Short Line, completed in 1884, and missed Boise by 20 miles. Kuna and other towns on the railroad prospered. A branch line brought rail service to Boise in 1887, but the seeming advantage enjoyed by the railroad towns until then ultimately proved to be to Boise's benefit. It be-came the commercial center for the growing agricultural communities along the main line and remains Idaho's center of commerce to this day.
Caldwell began in 1883 as a rail-shipping center. Three years later, a competing Boise rail connection opened for business in Nampa and flourished. By the turn of the century, Nampa was threatening to eclipse Caldwell as the agricultural center of Canyon County. Caldwell got a break in 1891 when it got the College of Idaho, now Albertson College and then the state’s only institution of higher learning. But Nampa’s growing rail network supported industrial development that made it the country’s largest city, which it remains today.
The valley's settlers enjoyed many of the natural amenities we do today - A sparkling river with abundant irrigation water, the scenic and recreational benefits of the Boise Front, a strategic location as the only heavily populated area between Salt Lake City and Portland and a four-season climate with generally mild winters and warm, sunny summers.
The first half of the 2Oth century brought the humble beginnings of the companies that would make Boise a corporate city.
Pioneers like Men C.W. Moore, whose general store has evolved into US Bancorp; W.H. Moorison; M.H. Knudsen, founders of the Morrison-Knudsen Corporation, now the global engineering and construction company; Washington Group International; J.R. Simplot who started the Simplot Corporation and made Idaho famous for its potatoes; Joe Albertson, who dream of food distributing netted one of American's largest and fastest growing chains of supermarkets and the Boise Cascade Corp." As reported by Tim Woodward of the Idaho Statesman September 24, 2000. "History of Ada and Canyon Counties." (Ref. 15).
A few major players planting a firm foundation are Micron Technology, Inc. Hewlett-Packard, T.J. International, PRECO, Inc., Micron Electronics, Inc., SCP Global, Boise State University St. Luke’s RMC, Saint Alphonsus RMC, Idaho National Guard, U.S. Bank, Sears Roebuck & Company, First Security Bank and Primestar Customer Care Center.
"Ada County prospers through Boise's strengths, as does the other cities in the metropolitan statistical area: Eagle, Garden City, Kuna, Meridian and the adjoining counties of Canyon and Elmore." (Ref. 9B). http://www.boiseid.acn.net
"The valley's growth was modest during the '60s and '70s. A turning point came with the 1986 election of Dirk Kempthorne, now Idaho's governor, as Boise's mayor. Kempthorne and his Allies reversed along-standing effort to build a regional shopping mall downtown, opening the doors for Boise Towne Square and the floodgates for the development that has followed. Within 10 years of the mall's 1988 opening, Boise's population had increased by more than 50,000. Led by Micron Inc., the city and the valley became a center for the high-tech industry. In a modern-day version of the Oregon Trail, newcomers came from virtually every state, drawn by good-paying jobs and the valley’s relatively high quality of life. The challenge now is to keep it." (Ref. 18). As reported by Tim Woodward of the Idaho Statesman September 24, 2000. "History of Ada and Canyon Counties."
"Outstanding among Idaho's institutions of higher learning are the Univ. of Idaho, at Moscow; Idaho State Univ., at Pocatello; and Boise State Univ., at Boise." (Ref. 1-i). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0824893.html
"Professional sports fore entertainment Stallions’ football, Steelhead hockey and Stampede basketball at the Bank of America Centre and Hawks baseball at Memorial Stadium." (Ref. 15).
"Today Boise, population 185,787, is Idaho s largest metropolitan area. Much of southern Idaho and parts of eastern Oregon derive commercial, financial and medical services from the city. Boise's economy is supplemented by state and federal government, including the National Interagency Fire Center." (Ref. 4B). http://www.ohwy.com/id/b/boise.htm
Boise Idaho area information (Ref. 8C).
7Search.com - Boise (Ref. 16).
Boise Idaho (Ref. 4C).
Boise Convention and Visitors Bureau (Ref. 17).
"Boise MSA is becoming a regional health-care center, which includes St. Luke's Regional Medical Center, Salnt Aiphonsus Regional Medical Center and Mercy Medical Center. Still, small and medium companies across several industries provide the bulk of the area's 237,000 jobs.” As reported by John Tucker of the Idaho Statesman September 9, 2000 “Construction booming.” (Ref. 18).
Onrote Boise Idaho - What to See & Do (Ref. 19).
Discovery Center of Idaho (Ref. 20). http://www.dcidaho.com "Wonders of science, like the amazing incredible machine, the catenary arch and the marvelous magnetic sand from Idaho's own rivers." (Ref. 21). http://www.gomccall.com/Boise/museums.htm
Names and locations of historical sites, monuments, and/or museums in Ada County (Ref. 9C). http://www.boiseid.acn.net/history_ada.asp
Boise Art Museum
Old Idaho Penitentiary State Historical Site Idaho
Museum of Mining & Geology (Boise)
Idaho Botanical Garden (Boise)
Idaho Historical Museum (Boise)
Basque Museum & Cultural Center (Boise)
Idaho Black History Museum (Boise)
Idaho Museum of Military History (Boise)
Canyon County (Ref. 9D). http://www.boiseid.acn.net/history_canyon.asp
"Established in 1891, Canyon County is the second county in the Boise Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its two major city are Nampa and Caldwell, the latter being its county seat. The Hudson's Bay Company established the original Fort Boise in 1834 near the town of Parma, but abandoned it in 1855. Emigrants also traveled through the county on Oregon Trail.
Today, Canyon County is the second largest county in the state and is a very important part of the strong Boise metropolitan area economy, sharing in the area's high-tech sector. The county contains rich agricultural land and boasts several food processing facilities, as well as two vineyards.
Names and locations of historical sites, monuments, and/or museums (Ref. 9D).
Canyon County Historical Museum
Old Union Pacific Railroad Depot in Nampa
Warhawk Air Museum Caldwell
Elmore County (Ref. 9E). http://www.boiseid.acn.net/history_elmore.asp
"Mountain Home Air Force Base was established in 1947 and continues to thrive and grow. The world's largest earth filled dam, Anderson Dam, was built in 1947.
Elmore County is unique in many ways. It is nearly 2 million acres of diversity. From the Snake River to the Trinity Mountains. From the arid desert summers to northwest forest winters. From alfalfa hay to wine grapes. From horse back riding to US Air Force F-15 Eagles piercing our blue skies. Recreation of all types, four seasons of mild climate. Wildlife and geological wonders surround you in Elmore County.
Elmore County history is rich with diversity of cultures. Early miners and the first Basque sheepherders still have an influence on this area. Fifty years ago, the US Air Force became our neighbor in Mountain Home. Their influence has allowed us to have the most diverse people in our wonderful State. People from all over the United States and nearly every country of the world, every culture, every race live here. We all enjoy our diverse geography and climate, our unlimited recreational opportunities and our excellent lifestyle.
Historical Sites and Attractions (Ref. 9E).
Elmore County Museum Mountain Home
Highway 20 to Pine Rattlesnake Station, Castlerock Road, Mining & Ghost Towns Northeast of Mountain Home
Oregon Trail North & South of Mountain Home
"Orofino's regional history (Ref. 22A) http://www.orofino.com/History.htm follows Lewis and Clark (Ref. 22B), http://www.orofino.com/LewisClark.htm the early mining rushes, and the great lumber industry. Surrounded by wilderness areas on three sides, this land is truly a haven for those who desire THE GREAT OUTDOORS. Due to the inflow of settlers and the construction of the railroad up river, Orofino's townsite got its start in 1898. The name Oro Fino means "fine gold." It was taken from a gold rush town called "Oro Fino" that was located near Pierce and later burned down. The post office objected to two words. The town joined the two words and it became Orofino. In 1904, the Idaho State Hospital was opened."
Orofino Chamber of Commerce, North Central Idaho Travel Association. (Ref. 22C). http://www.orofino.com/index.htm
Clearwater County/Orofino Statistics (Ref. 22D). http://www.orofino.com/Orofinostats.htm
Pocatello City (Ref. 1J). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0839425.html
"Pocatello, city (1990 pop. 46,080), seat of Bannock Co., SE Idaho, between mountains on the Portneuf River near its junction with the Snake (there dammed to form the American Falls Reservoir); inc. 1889. A railroad center since 1882, Pocatello is a major shipping and processing point for a livestock and farm area. It has an important mining industry (large phosphate deposits are nearby) and plants that manufacture a variety of goods. Tourism is significant; excellent skiing and water sport facilities are in the area. Pocatello is the seat of Idaho State Univ. and the headquarters for Caribou National Forest. Fort Hall reservation with its irrigation project is to the northwest; the site of Fort Hall (1834) is on the nearby Snake River."
Idaho Falls (Ref. 1K). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0824895.html
"Idaho Falls, city (1990 pop. 43,929), seat of Bonneville co., SE Idaho, traversed by the Snake River; inc. 1900. The chief city of the extensively irrigated upper Snake valley, Idaho Falls is the prosperous commercial and processing center of a livestock, dairy, and farm region that produces potatoes, wheat, sugar beets, and seed peas. Concrete, steel, and lumber are manufactured. Tourism is important since the city lies near several national parks and major recreational areas. Nearby Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, a national reactor testing station, is also a principal source of employment. Idaho Falls was originally a miner's fording point over the Snake River, first settled by Mormons. The impressive Idaho Falls Mormon Temple (opened 1945) is a prominent landmark. The city has a vocational-technical college. Several annual rodeos are held in Idaho Falls."
Key to the City - Bliss - Gooding County, Idaho (Ref. 23).
The Coeur d'Alene Resort (Ref. 24). http://www.cdaresort.com
The #1 Guide to North Idaho (Ref. 25).
Find-America.Com (Ref. 26).
RELIGION IN IDAHO
"Religion in Boise means more than conventional sanctuaries and steepled bell towers. As the city has grown, so have its religious diversity and the role it plays in people's lives. Boise is home to Bahais and Buddhists, as well as Catholics and Presbyterians. The Jewish history in Boise stretches back more than a century. Its tiny synagogue on 11th and State streets is among the city's most historic places.
Muslims gather and face Mecca 24 degrees east of north. New Age religions also are present. Aside from church or temple worship, Treasure Valley faithful engage in a multitude of community service activities such as feeding the homeless, ministering to the sick, poor and those in prison. "We've got a very tolerant, very diverse, substantial religious community," said David J. Mills, assistant director of the Institute of Religion for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is a fast-growing religion. Idaho Mormons are the state's largest religious group.
The group has grown from a few settlers in eastern Idaho to 28 percent of the state's population. The church has more than 10 million worldwide. Mormons hold one in every three seats in the 1999 Legislature. Members of the church are community service-oriented. Since 1996, 125 Mormon volunteers have spent a spring Saturday at the Idaho Botanical Garden, getting beds ready for planting. In 1997, the church donated more than 10,000 hours of community work in Ada County to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Mormons' arrival in Salt Lake City. "We hope we're uplifting the community, providing a better environment and strengthening families," Mills said.
Mills said the LDS Church also runs a thrift store and has many missionaries in the area who are required to provide community service.
The Catholic Church also has a large presence in the Treasure Valley. Bishop Michael P. Driscoll leads Catholics statewide, the second-largest denomination in Idaho. The Boise Diocese has about 122,000 registered members.
In the past 10 years, the Catholic Church has grown to 10 percent of the state's population, said Jim Bowen, chancellor of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Boise. Driscoll was named Idaho's bishop in January 1999 and is the seventh bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Boise.
The Catholic Church is involved in helping the poor, taking communion to those who are homebound and providing education opportunities for Hispanics, Bowen said. The church runs eight elementary schools and one high school in the Treasure Valley. The church also runs several thrift stores in the area.
St. Paul Baptist Church, Southwest Idaho's first African-American house of worship, opened its doors 78 years ago. It served a small African American population from a variety of faiths. They were Baptists, Church of God in Christ members and African-Methodists.
In the mid-1990’s, the church grew and moved to 14th and Bannock streets. The original St Paul Baptist Church building was moved to Julia Davis Park and is open as Idaho's black history museum." The Idaho Statesman staff, September 24, 2000 made the aforementioned report on Religion in Idaho. (Ref. 12C).
CULTURAL & INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF GREAT WORTH
"Big-name entertainers used to bypass Boise and Nampa, but in the last year these towns have hosted Bob Dylan, Bonnie Raitt, Tony Bennett, Faith Hill, the Dixie Chicks, Roger Waters, the Boston Pops and Miss Saigon." As reported by Tim Woodward of the Idaho Statesman September 24, 2000. "History of Ada and Canyon Counties." (Ref. 15).
Ted Johnson and his wife, Jan have been committed for the last several years, to a not for profit adoption agency here “CASI Foundation for Children.” It is an activity of great worth. The Johnson’s have been to China 5 times in 2 ½ years and departed for China August 27, 2000, in order to review progress on a orphanage under construction at the time. With the help of the Johnson’s, this orphanage was completed in 2002.
While in China August 27, 2000, the Johnston's met with President Jaing Jamin and attended with him, a special performance by the Chinese Disabled Peoples Performing Troupe in Beijing, under the sponsorship of the Federation for the Disabled and CASI, a group of 61 Chinese Disabled Performers that will arrive in Idaho on September 6, 2000.
The Johnson’s invited the group to their mountain ranch for horseback riding, exploring, rafting boats on the nearby crystal clear lake and winding up with a western cook-out in the evening.
The theatrical and musical performance of the group of entertainers September 7, 2000 in Boise at the Morrison Center for the Performing Arts, was remarkable and entertaining. Following this event, the group spent a week spent in Utah, than had a very special stay in Washington D.C. for a formal reception Saturday night and a Performance at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts on Sunday afternoon. Dignitaries from all over the world attended the show.
On Monday September 18, 2000, the group went to New York for a performance in Carnegie Hall. Guests of Honor here are Kafi Annan of the U. N. and Ambassadors to the U. N. from all over the World.
The tour concluded with a performance in San Francisco, California and the Polynesian Cultural Center in Hawaii September 29, 2000.
Leading the Chinese performers is Deng Pufang, a son of the late President Deng Xiaoping, who was disabled with a broken back when thrown from a window by the “Red Guards” during the Cultural Revolution in the late 1960’s. He is the “Godfather” to 50 million Disabled Chinese and great benefactor of government assistance to the Disabled in all countries, having been cited for his humanitarian services by the U. N. and other services organizations.
This tour highlighted the Chinese efforts to help the Disabled and the Orphans of the World.
CNN, C-span, various TV, radio and printed advertisements were published reporting these activities. Accompanying the group was 2 Chinese TV crews to shoot footage for use in Taiwan, Hong Kong and to the Mainland, plus a documentary crew promoting Chinese adoption to the U. S. CASI Foundation’s goal is to bring in 1000 orphans a year if enough donations are received.
“The state remained one of the nation’s fastest growing even as the once-strong migration from other states eases." As stated by Craig Quintan, Idaho Statesman, December 28, 1999. (Ref. 27).
"The Census Bureau April 1, 2000 estimates of Idaho’s population at 1,293,95. (Ref. 28). http://www.census.gov/census2000/states/id.html
Population Growth (Ref. 29). http://www.impactrealestate.com/stats.htm
Boise MSA 1980-1990 1990-1994 1990-2000 2000-2010
1.4% 4.1% 2.9% 2.0%
Population 1998 (CH-I, Ref. 29).
Ada County 271,000
Boise MSA: 387,800
Garden City 9,087
Canyon County 116,800
STATE POPULATION - Fair Idaho (Ref. 30A). http://www.fairus.org/html/042id702.htm
"The Census Bureau estimated that in July 2001 Idaho's population was 1,321,006 residents. That was an increase of about 27,053 (2.1%) from the 2000 Census. Of that increase, the Census Bureau estimated that about 3,700 (13.7%) was due to net international migration (immigrant settlement). During the same period there was a net domestic migration increase of about 10,400 from an influx of native-born residents.
The Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) released a report in January 2001 based upon 2000 CPS data that put the foreign-born share of the population in Idaho at 5.32 percent. Applying that percentage to the actual state population from the 2000 Census suggests that the foreign-born population of the state increased to about 68,800. This is 138 percent greater than the 28,905 foreign-born found in the 1990 Census.
The 2000 Census found 1,293,953 persons resident in Idaho. This was an increase of 287,204 persons above the 1990 Census (28.5%). This represented about 53,000 fewer persons than the Census Bureau had expected to find in the state in 2000 when it issued its most recent state population projections in 1997.
According to the 1997 CPS, new immigrant settlement was dispersed throughout the state, although the largest share was in the Boise metropolitan area (both Ada and Canyon Counties had increases of about 2,000 immigrants)."
Foreign-Born Population (Ref. 30B).
"2000 Census data on the foreign-born is not due to be released until late 2002. However, the Census Bureau 2000 Supplemental Survey estimates the foreign-born population at 62,659. That was five percent of the state's overall population (1,262,458 in the Census-SS est.) and an increase of 116.8 percent above the 1990 population of 28,905 foreign-born residents. The Census-SS estimate is likely to be lower than the Census data because the Census-SS total population for the country is about three percent lower than the actual enumeration. The increase in the foreign-born population from 1990 accounted for 12.3 percent of the state's overall population increase over the same period.
The C2SS report estimated that 51.3 percent of Idaho's foreign-born population had arrived in the state since 1990. This demonstrates the effects of the current mass immigration, and it is much higher than the national average (43.7%).
A different indication of the possible change in Idaho between 1990-2000 from immigration comes from looking at the change in the Asian and Hispanic population over that period. Nationally, those two groups account for over two- thirds of all immigrants. (See U.S. Population Increase Fueled by Immigration.)
Compared to Idaho's 28.5 percent increase in population between 1990-2000, the Asian population increased by 40.9 percent and the Hispanic population increased by 92.1 percent. Those two population groups combined increased from 6.2 percent of the population to 8.9 percent. The increase in those two population segments accounted for over one-eighth (18.3%) of the state's population increase.
Another indicator of the change in the immigrant population is data on the share of the population that speaks a language other than English at home. Between 1990 and 2000 the share of non-English speakers at home in Idaho increased by two-fifths, from 6.4 percent to nine percent.
The 1980 Census recorded about 23,000 foreign-born residents in Idaho. By 1990, the immigrant population had increased by over one-quarter to about 29,000. Those who were Mexican-born constituted nearly 43 percent of the total. If Mexican immigrants have kept up the same rate of growth since then as prior to 1990 (more than doubling from 6,100 in 1980 to 1990 in 12,300), they probably represent over half of the entire foreign-born population today.
The Boise metropolitan area, with about 8,300 immigrants, accounted for nearly 30% of the state's total population and total foreign-born. The foreign-born share there was 2.8%, about the same as the overall state average, and compared with the 7.9% national average.
About 43 percent of the foreign-born population in 1990 had arrived since 1980. Since 1990, INS data indicate that average new legal immigrant settlement in Idaho has been over 2,400 per year through FY'95. However, this average is exaggerated by the effect of the 1986 amnesty for illegal aliens. Perhaps as many as 5,500 immigrants recorded, as new arrivals in FY '91 were former illegal aliens adjusting their status to legal permanent resident."
The Immigrant Stock (Ref. 30C).
"The Census Bureau estimated that there were about 131,000 people in Idaho in 1997 who were "immigrant stock." That is a term that refers to immigrants and their children born here after their arrival. Based on that estimate, the immigrant stock share of the state's population is 10.8 percent.
The Census Bureau's 2000 estimate of the immigrant stock (not adjusted on the basis of the 2000 Census data) was 166,000 residents. This estimate was based on a foreign-born population estimate of 67,000 (6.9% above the Census Bureau finding for the foreign-born population in the 2000 Supplemental Survey). If the estimate of the immigrant stock were similarly overestimated, it could mean an immigrant stock population of 155,000 (a population share of 12.0%). The true size of the immigrant stock in 2000 will not be clear until the Census Bureau releases the 2000 Census data on the foreign born."
Naturalization (Ref. 30D).
"Data from the Census Bureau's 2000 Supplemental Survey (C2SS) estimated Idaho's naturalized population at 19,349, a naturalization rate of 30.9 percent, one of the lowest rates in the country. This was much lower than the national average rate of 40.1 percent. The plunge in the naturalization rate from 1990 is likely due to the rapidly rising immigrant population, including the growing illegal alien population.
The INS estimated that as of April 1996 there were about 16,000 legal resident aliens in Idaho -- legal immigrants who had not yet become U.S. citizens. [Note that 2000 data (C2SS) indicated a non-U.S. citizen foreign-born population of over 43,000.] Of these, 9,800 had met the residency requirement to apply for citizenship. Included in this number could be aliens who had already applied for naturalization and were in the processing waiting list.
Data from the 1990 Census showed that 41 percent of Idaho's 28,905 foreign-born residents had become naturalized U.S. citizens. This was slightly higher than the national average (40.3%).
Idaho authorities requested compensation from the federal government in FY'99 for the incarceration expenses for 68,471 days of detention for illegal aliens in state and local jails and prisons. The cost of the detention amounted to $3,250,605. Under the federal State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP), Idaho received $1,254,301 in compensation, leaving $1,996,304 in uncompensated costs to be borne by Idaho taxpayers. The SCAAP program began in 1994 and compensates the states and local jurisdictions only for incarceration of "undocumented," i.e. illegal, aliens who are serving time for a felony conviction or at least two misdemeanors.
In FY'00 Idaho received $910,736 from SCAAP. Payments to the state were lower, and federal assistance was lower overall, so local taxpayers were forced to absorb a larger share of the cost of criminal alien incarceration.
The new INS estimate means that about 1.6% of Idaho's population is comprised of illegal aliens. If so, this would be the 10th highest density of illegal aliens in the country.
On December 16, 1997 the INS apprehended 30 illegal aliens working in two potato packing sheds near Rexburg. Since the beginning of the year, more than 300 apprehensions have taken place in Idaho."
(Source: Idaho Falls Post Register, December 17, 1997). Fair Idaho. (Ref. 30E). http://www.fairus.org/html/042id702.htm
USA population at the end of 1999 was an estimated 276 million. The nations population growth rate from 1990 through 1999 is estimated at 9.6 percent.
"In 2000, Nevada and Arizona were the top two fastest growing states. Growth in Colorado and Georgia picked up, moving them ahead of Idaho. Nationally the population grew by just 0.9 percent.
"By comparison, household growth was 4 percent in the Midwest and 1 percent in the Northeast. A housing unit is a house, apartment, flat, mobile home, or group of rooms occupied or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters. A household consists of all the persons who occupy a housing unit." As reported by Craig Quintan, Idaho Statesman, December 28, 1999. (Ref. 45).
"Nevada led the nation in the growth of housing units and households between 1990 and 1995. During this period, the number of housing units in Nevada grew 25 percent and the number of households grew 26 percent. This is according to tabulations released today by the Commerce Department's Census Bureau.
Idaho, with 12 percent growth in housing units and 15 percent in households, ranked second among the states on both measures.
Sam Davis, a Census Bureau analyst, stated, "While Nevada and Idaho led the nation in these trends, Mountain states in general have experienced rapid expansion in the number of households. Growth in the number of households elsewhere in the country was led by Georgia, Texas, and three Pacific states--Alaska, Oregon, and Washington."
The tabulations show the nation's housing units reached 108 million in 1995, an increase of 6 percent during the first half of the decade from 102 million. The South and the West led the way in housing units, both with increases of 7 percent.
The number of households, also up 6 percent for the nation, grew by 9 percent in the West and 8 percent in the South. By comparison, household growth was 4 percent in the Midwest and 1 percent in the Northeast.
A housing unit is a house, apartment, flat, mobile home, or group of rooms occupied or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters. A household consists of all the persons who occupy a housing unit.
A more extensive file that presents annual data, 1990 through 1995, is available on diskette (PE-49) which can be obtained by calling 301-763-INFO. Extension: (4636) and on the Internet:." (Ref. 31). http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/housing.html
"In separate reports in July 2000, the Census Bureau ranked Idaho the third-fastest growing state this decade for the percentage of population and housing growth, and the Boise-Nampa urban area was ranked the fourth-fastest growing this decade.
Since the last official head count on April 1, 1990, Idaho’s population has grown by nearly a quarter of a million people, more than 24 percent. Only Arizona, at just more than 30 percent, and Nevada, at more than 50 percent, has seen greater growth. Nearly 56 percent of the population increase was made up of people moving to Idaho from other states. In nine years since the official census, officials estimate that more than 136,000 people have relocated to Idaho, accounting for almost 11 percent of the population. Another 18,000 people came to Idaho from other countries.
Thirty-four states recorded larger numbers of immigrants. Births accounted for the rest of the growth. Migrants from other states made up greater percentages of the population only in Nevada and Arizona. Only 11 other states, all with substantially larger populations, had more people move in from other states. The influx to Idaho, however, has been slowing since the second half of 1998. The first six months of 2000 was no exception. Barely a third of the latest one-year increase in population was attributable to migrants from other states. Net immigration to Idaho, both from inside and outside the United States, peaked in 1994 at more than 23,000. It has steadily declined since then as economic conditions in the rest of the country improved. State analysts expect total immigration to slip below 6,000 by 2003." (Ref. 32).
ELDERWEB (Ref. 33).
Census 2000 Data for the State of Idaho - The population of Idaho on April 1, 2000 was 1,293,953. (Ref. 34).
STATE DATA CENTER PROGRAM
Census State Data Centers (Ref. 35). http://www.idoc.state.id.us/data/dtacntr.htmlU
Idaho Census in Idaho - Idaho Commerce (Ref. 36).
U. S. Census 2000 - Geography State & County U. S. State & County Quick Facts - Idaho, Ada County Idaho (Ref. 37).
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 1,055 82,747
Persons per square mile, 2000 285.2 15.6
Census 2000 Data for the State of Idaho - The population of Idaho on April 1, 2000 was 1,293,953. (Ref. 38). http://www.census.gov/census2000/states/id.html
Links to Online Census Records - Idaho (Ref. 39). http://www.census-online.com/links/ID
2000 Census Data - Summary Profile for Idaho (Ref. 40).
TOTAL IDAHO UNITED STATES
Population 1,293,953 281,421,906
Population in households 1,262,457 273,643,273
Population living in
renter occupied households 326,555 85,677,658
Population under age 18 369,030 72,293,812
Number and percent of
households with children 181,967 38,022,115
Total population in
group quarters 31,496 7,778,633
Population Estimate Reports 1990 - 2001 (Ref. 41).
Interactive Numeric & Spatial Information Data Center - Inside Idaho (Ref. 42). http://inside.uidaho.edu/default.htm
Interactive Numeric & Spatial Information Data Center - Redistricting 2001 Links (Ref. 43). http://inside.uidaho.edu/redistrict2001/GeneralInformationLinks.htm
Idaho Census in Idaho - Idaho Commerce (Ref. 44).
Per Capita State Tax Revenue (1996) is comprised of the following:
Corporate Excise (Income) Tax
Gross Receipts Tax
Business & Occupation Tax
Unemployment Insurance Tax (new employers)
Capital Gains Tax Rate
Communications Tax Rate
On Interstate Calls
On Intrastate Calls
Unemployment Insurance Tax per Employee
Enterprise Zone Benefit
Other information available:
Personal Income Tax
Real Estate Excise Tax
Business Income Tax
Motor Fuels Tax Per Gallon
Average Annual Pay, 1996 (state)
Average Annual Pay, 1996
Average Hourly Earnings for Production Workers (1997)
% of Private Manufacturing Union Membership (1996)
Worker’s Compensation Aggregate Average - National Rank (lowest cost = highest rank)
IDAHO ECONOMY & INFLATION
Idaho - January 1990 - December 1999
The University of Idaho Library - Library Guides - CD-ROM Resources
CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1987 (Issued August 1990) (Ref. 45).
County Business Patterns (Ref. 46). http://www.census.gov/epcd/cbp/view/cbpview.html
View County, State, U.S., ZIP, or MSA Database on a NAICS Basis (1998, 1999, and 2000)
View County, State, U.S., or ZIP Database on an SIC Basis (1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997)
View County and State economic profiles (1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000)
View United States economic profiles (1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000)
"Here are the gross state products, in billions of dollars, for 1992 and 1998 and the growth rates over that period for Idaho and the surrounding states, according to figures compiled by the federal Bureau of Economic Analysis as reported by the Idaho Statesman:" As reported by Bob Fick, of The Associated Press of Idaho Statesman September 11, 2000. (Ref. 47).
State 1992 & 1998 Percent
Idaho 20.3 - 30.9 52 Montana 15.1 - 19.9 32
Wyoming 13.5 - 17.530 Utah 35.6 - 59.6 67
Nevada 36.5 - 63 73 Oregon 64.3-104.8 63
Washington 130.8 -192.9 47
Idaho's Ranking in the Nation's Mineral Supply, Selected Years, 1990-1995 Originally compiled by: Donna Hanson, Updated by: Lily Wai and Data input assisted by: Michal McRenolds. U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Yearbook, Mineral Industry of Idaho (Ref. 48).
1997 Economic Census of Mining 1997 Mining Industry Statistics U.S. and Mountain States (Ref. 49). http://www.unm.edu/~bber/econcen/minotst.htm
Idaho Mining Association "Golden Dreams and Silver Linings"
State Minerals Statistics and Information (Ref. 51).
Washington State and Pacific Northwest Resources for Economic Geography (Ref. 52). http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/readings/econnw.html
Economic Outlook is Optomistic for the Northwest 1994 - 1996
Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington. (Ref. 53).
Statistics of U.S. Businesses: Idaho - 1999. (Ref. 54).
1999 State New Economy Index - The Progressive Policy Institute (PPI) Technology, Innovation, and New Economy Project, 600 Pennsylvania Ave., S.E., Suite 400, Washington DC 20003. (Ref. 55).
Idaho 1999 State New Economy Index - The Progressive Policy Institute (PPI)
Statistics of U.S. Businesses: 1999: All industries United States (Ref. 57). http://www.census.gov/epcd/susb/1999/us/US--.HTM
US Census Bureau TIGER/Line 2000 Files - Clearwater County, Idaho, United States - GeoCommunity™, Wireless Developer Network™, GIS Data Depot®, and Spatial News™ Cost of Doing Business Index -1999 Overall Index (100= National Average) For Oregon, Washington, California, Idaho, Colorado:
"Idaho is the lowest of these states to do business at 89.4% as compared to California at 107.9%, Oregon (92.6%), California (107.9%), Washington (96.9%) and Colorado (100.2%).
California's Tax Burden is the lowest on a national average at 99.3%, with Colorado declared second at 90.4%, Oregon third at 105.3, Idaho fourth at 105.5 and Washington fifth at 96.9.
Per Capita State Tax Revenue (1996) ranks Washington at $1,913, California ($1,811), Idaho (1,562), Oregon (1,562) and Colorado ($1,260)." (Ref. 58). http://www.edforco.org/costComparisons.htm
Idaho - July 1999 - July 2000
"Boise inflation far outpaced the National rate July 2000 (U. S. cost of living up 0.2% July 2000; local rise was 1.3%).
Inflation at the consumer level inched up a tame 0.2 percent July, 2000 as gasoline prices eased after soaring in June 2000, the Labor Department reported Wednesday, August 16, 2000.
Report prepared by First Security Bank stated, “the cost of living rose six times as fast in the Boise area. Kelly K. Matthews, First Security’s executive vice president and chief economist, said, “the overall cost of living in Boise increased 1.3 percent in July, 2000.” Clothing costs fell 2.4%, while utility costs rose 3.9%. Transportation costs inched up by 0.1%, which recreation costs were unchanged from June 2000. Besides utilities, other categories showing gains higher than the national average at the end of June, 2000 included: food away from home, up 21%; health care, up 2.0%; food at home, up 1.4%; housing, up 1.2%; and other goods and services, up 7.8%. On the national level, outside the volatile energy and food categories, consumer inflation’s “core” rate rose 0.2% for a fourth consecutive month, suggesting that most other prices remain the same. The seasonally adjusted increases in both the overall Consumer Price Index, the most closely watched inflation gauge, and its core rate matched many analysts’ expectations.
Ada County & Boise Idaho is export-oriented, ranking within the top ten states in the U. S. of America in many industries and ranked Number 1 in the nation for construction. Ada & Blaine counties in Idaho are 2 of 15 out of 99 counties in the Columbian Basin that have high vitality thresholds and on a sliding scale, Ada & Blaine rank the highest (9 counties in Idaho out of 15 with high vitality scores of the 99 counties)." As reported by Marcy Gordon of the Idaho Statesman August 2000. (Ref. 59).
"In picking up steam as Idaho heads into its 15th straight year of economic growth during 2000, the expansion created a one-time cash surplus significantly over $200 million. And based on the new forecast, the robust economy will generate more than $2 billion in tax collections for the next state budget, 10 percent more than policy makers had to work with when they wrote the current budget just last winter.
"It's a very positive environment for us to do positive things in, which will include tax relief," Gov. Dirk Kempthorne said. "But it also allows us to continue our investments in education and other programs."
The state's job base expanded much faster last winter and spring than anticipated in April 2000, when the Division of Financial Management upped the anticipated growth rate by a full percentage point, reflecting a dramatic increase in wages paid out statewide. Payrolls were up more than 10 percent last winter, providing the cornerstone of the unanticipated double-digit percentage growth in tax collections.
The pace eased this summer and into the fall as financial strategists maneuvered to keep the country's longest sustained expansion going. But state employers were still putting people to work faster than their counterparts nationwide.
"Both the goods- and services-producing sectors contribute to higher employment this year and next," analysts said, and the slowing activity elsewhere was re-igniting the migration of workers from other states to Idaho.
It was that strength that prompted the administration to dramatically increase in projection for tax collections in the current budget year to create the record surplus and will result in the first $2 billion revenue forecast for the new budget year that begins next July.
November 2000 estimates of the Boise MSA “Gross Domestic Product,” a measure of the value of the final goods and services produced, from these two manufacturing industries is nearly $8.3 billion ($2.8 billion from Non-electrical Machinery manufacturing and $55.3 billion from Electrical and Electronic Equipment). This by far exceeds the estimated “Gross Domestic Product” contributions of the next three largest manufacturing sectors in the MSA: Food Processing at $271 million, Lumber and Wood Products at an estimated $410 million, and Transportation Equipment manufacturing at $431 million." As reported by Bob Fick, of The Associated Press of Idaho Statesman September 11, 2000. (Ref. 47).
2000 County Business Patterns (NAICS) (Ref. 60).
Idaho - July 2000 - July 2001
Access Idaho (Ref. 61).
Best broadcast website - Idaho Press Club April, 2002 - Ranked #8 TVv web site in the U.S. by Media Audit Voted #1 website in an Idaho Statesman Best of Treasure Valley survey - ©MMII Belo Interactive & KTVB-TV (Ref. 62). http://ktvb.com/news/vote
Boise Idaho Resources and Information (Ref. 63).
Web sites relating to Statistics of Idaho have been disclosed in order to determine past and current economy/inflation Statistics. Industry Research provides links to various statistical data sources:
Industry Research: Questions, Keypoints, and Sources (Ref. 64). http://www.vbic.umd.edu/research/Industry_Statistics/industry_statistics.html
How large is the industry in terms of sales? (Economic Census, County Business Patterns, Current Industrial Reports)
Where can you find industry statistics? (trade associations, government statistics, trade publications, Statistical Reference Index, Encyclopedia of Business Information Sources , Hoovers, US Industry and Trade Outlook )
How large is the industry in terms of number of employees? (Economic Census, County Business Patterns, Current Industrial Reports, Standard & Poors Industry Surveys, Directory of Business Periodical Special Issues)
How many companies comprise the industry? (Ward's Business Directory of US Private and Public Companies, Dun's Market Identifiers, Gale Business Resources)
What is the total payroll for a specific industry? (Economic Census, County Business Patterns, Current Industrial Reports)
What is the total value of shipments for a specific industry? (Economic Census, County Business Patterns, Current Industrial Reports)
What are the major products manufactured for a specific industry? (Thomas Register)
How large are the establishments within the industry? (Economic Census, County Business Patterns Current Industrial Reports).
Idaho - July 2001 - July 2002 to Present
"Manufacturing has recently supplanted agriculture as the most important sector of Idaho's economy. Cattle and dairy goods are among the leading agricultural products. Idaho's chief crops are potatoes (for which the state, easily the nation's largest producer, is famous), hay, wheat, peas, beans, and sugar beets. Electronic and computer equipment, processed foods, lumber, and chemicals are the major manufactured items." Factmonster. (Ref. 1L). http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/A0858738.htmlv
"Another $500,000 is going to rural areas to hire regional economic development specialists, who will work with employers interested in moving to their areas.
The state could receive more than $2 million a year for land it leases to alternative energy companies. A federal study has concluded that Idaho owns 39,500 acres of land with winds that blow hard enough to warrant wind farms. The study says state-owned lands have the potential to produce 660 megawatts, enough juice to power 148,000." Idaho Statesman. (Ref. 65A). http://www.idahostatesman.com/news/ruralidaho/index.shtml
"Signals are prominent that the family farm in Idaho has shifted to survival mode and that “some producers will be forced to leave production this year,” said Neil Meyer, University of Idaho extension economist who traveled the state last fall for meetings on “Coping with the Current Ag Economy.
Factors threatening the farm lifestyle are production at record levels world wide, declining demand mostly caused by Asian economic problems, excess reserves that drive commodity prices below production costs, and continuing effects of the 1996 Freedom to Farm Act that reduces “market transition payments” over seven years until gone in the year 2003," Neil Meyer, University of Idaho Extension Economist. University of Idaho, College of Agriculture - Neil Meyer, University of Idaho extension economist - Slumping Economy Threatens Idaho Family Farms. Ag Knowledge. (Ref. 66).
"Idaho farmers got more than $262 million in direct government payments last year. The federal government spent more than $600 million in Idaho on all farm programs last year, including the direct payments, research, loans and other programs." Idaho Statesman. (Ref. 65B). http://www.idahostatesman.com/news/ruralidaho/index.shtml
Robnett Properties - Local Links & Statistics (Ref. 29).
The Value of the Seed Wheat Industry in Idaho's Economy (Ref. 67). http://jgg.unl.edu/lewiston/voswiie.htm
STATISTICS ON THE DAIRY INDUSTRY IN IDAHO (Ref. 68).
Idaho Grain Producers (Ref. 69).
SUGARBEETS AND THE IDAHO ECONOMY (Ref. 70).
A Brief History of the Idaho Potato Industry (Ref. 71). http://www.idahopotatoes.org/potohist.html
Welcome to Jeff Lindsay's Paper Industry Page! (Ref. 72).
Idaho Forest Products Commission (Ref. 73).
NWFPA Food Industry Links (Ref. 74).
Idaho: "State information, resources and references. Including updated links. Statistics, conferences, data, maps and other relevant knowledge and databases. Beyond the static boundaries." (Ref. 75).
Idaho State at a Glance/Other Statistics (Ref. 76). http://www.ehr.nsf.gov/epscor/statistics/glance.cfm?st_abbr=ID
The ONE Network Databank - Idaho: "State information, resources and references. Including updated links. Statistics, conferences, data, maps and other relevant knowledge and databases." (Ref. 77). http://www.databank.oxydex.com/state_city_directories/Idaho.html
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (Ref. 78). http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html
Idaho News (Ref. 79). http://www.idahonews.com/index.asp
Idaho Press Club Ranked #8 TV website in the U.S. by Media Audit (Ref. 80). http://www.ktvb.com
Idaho Statesman Rural Idaho (Ref. 81). http://www.idahostatesman.com/news/ruralidaho/index.shtml
Idaho Statesman.com (Ref. 82). http://www.idahostatesman.com
RockiesGuide.com: Idaho: Business and Economy. (Ref. 83). http://idaho.rockiesguide.com/rockies/Idaho/Business_and_Economy
RIDENBAUGH PRESS (Ref. 84). http://www.ridenbaugh.com/ipad
Idaho State at a Glance/Other Statistics (Ref. 85).
Government Resources by Topic (Ref. 86).
Interactive Numeric & Spatial Information Data Center
Inside Idaho (Ref. 87). http://inside.uidaho.edu/default.htm
Bank Rates & Lending Industry Definitions (Ref. 88). http://184.108.40.206/ratestop.html
Appraisal Institute (Ref. 89). http://www.appraisalinstitute.org
Association of Real Estate License Law Officials web site (Ref. 90). http://www.arello.com
Washington State and Pacific Northwest Resources for Economic Geography (Ref. 91). http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/readings/econnw.html
Main Economic Indicators Sources and Definitions by Country (Ref. 92). http://www.mimas.ac.uk/macro_econ/oecd/doc/SerESTUk.htm
Helpful Web Sites - Idaho Statesman (Ref. 93).
EQNEEDF views on Politics, Environment, Energy, Health, National, and Foreign Affairs
ENERGY QUEST National Energy Efficient Development Inc.