CHAPTER VI Appendix A to VI Appendix C Part II of II


Property Water Documentation and Listing of Wells


Treasure valley Ground Water Table


Property Owners Wells








Vitrification International Technologies, Inc.



VIT’s waste vitrification is the process that transforms waste materials into chemically durable, environmentally safe products.  With over 20 years of waste vitrification experience.  VIT staff have the process and equipment knowledge to adapt vitrification to almost any waste material.  VIT staff have already adapted the waste vitrification to municipal incinerator ash, municipal sold waste, medical wastes, contaminated soils and several hazardous wastes and even radioactive sludges and combustible wastes containing heavy metals and organics.  The technology’s versatility and environmental/economic advantages proves a platform to manage almost all of the waste streams often within the same integrated vitrification system.


    VIT is breaking the paradigm that vitrification is to costly.  Working with EnerWaste, vitrification systems are being designed to compete and beat the cost of land filling solid wastes!  This is being accomplished through adaptation of waste vitrification know-how and low cost patentable technologies such as the PermaVIT melter


    “Waste disposal  technologies improvement in recent years have greatly reduced the adverse environmental impacts associated with past waste disposal practice.  Improperly operated landfills have been linked to soil, surface, and ground water contamination.  Insufficient pollutions control on incinerators has led to air quality problems.  Incineration is considered as a practical step for achieving safe disposal of non-recyclable municipal and industrial wastes.  Modern incinerators are more secure than ever and adverse environmental impacts can be detected and properly addressed.




    Perhaps the most important advantage of our patented and unique Batch Oxidizing System (B.O.S.) is its saving in labour. One man, part time only, will batch load the system once per day in less than one hour. The system runs unattended the remaining time. By contrast, conventional Controlled Air incinerators require loading every 15 to 30 minutes, demanding the commitment of three full time men for 24 hours per day.


    The large B.O.S. batch chamber easily accommodates mattresses, couches, construction debris, and large bulky objects.


    Since the B.O.S. is loaded only once, before combustion begins, the burning bed is not disturbed and agitated regularly as it is with other systems, resulting in much improved emissions. By contrast, the burn of a Controlled Air incinerator is disturbed every 15 to 30 minutes during feeding. When environmentalists required ARCO Oil Corporation to produce the absolute cleanest incineration for a new oil field on the Alaska North Slope, they chose a 7 tpd EnerWaste B.O.S.


    Excellent ash with close to 100% burnout and 95% to 97% volume reduction is realized (higher if the metals and glass are recycled). The ash is nonhazardous and easily passes the EPA TCLP test.


    EnerWaste has B.O.S. systems operating in Indonesia, Korea, the Carribean islands, Alaska, and the lower USA.  They efficiently dispose of Hospital Waste, Industrial Waste, and Municipal Waste, from 1 to 22 tons per day.   Larger systems are being designed.




    Building a new, approved landfill is too expensive for small cities, and most high technology options are designed for larger cities and regional solutions. The economies of scale are difficult to attain for smaller applications.  The EnerWaste B.O.S. system has been tailored specifically to the requirements of small towns and for industry.




    Controlled Air Modular incinerators were designed in the 1960's as a major improvement in emissions and also in auxiliary fuel use. They were really the first generation of properly engineered incinerators. They were and still are a significant improvement over inefficient and smokey "burners". When properly designed and operated they run under semi pyrolytic or starved air conditions with a limited amount of air allowed into combustion chamber to maintain the temperature. Products of combustion then rise to a separate refractory lined secondary chamber where they are mixed with excess air at very high temperature to complete burnout of the hydrocarbons.


    Thousands of Controlled Air Modular incinerators are still in operation and are the cheapest initial capital cost systems. They are typically suited for the smallest applications. EnerWaste has manufactured these for many years and offers them in sizes from 100 pph to 20 tpd. It is often practical to add steam or hot water heat recovery to these Controlled Air Modular incinerators.


Key Benefits


Wide variety of waste, including hospital, pathological, industrial, and municipal


waste. Liquid waste systems can be added.


Lowest cost systems.


Installed indoors or outdoors.




    VIT is breaking the paradigm that vitrification is too costly. Working with EnerWaste, vitrification systems are being designed to compete and beat the costs of land filling solid wastes! This is being accomplished through adaptation of waste vitrification know-how and low cost, patentable technologies such as the Perma VIT ©  melter.




    The basic technology for a 300 ton per day waste-to-energy facility was originally developed more than 20 years ago by Olivine Corp for wood waste incinerators. Many are still operating in the United States, Canada, Australia, Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Africa, and other Pacific Rim countries.


    The application and development for Waste-To-Energy and municipal waste combustion was a natural progression.  EnerWaste's staff has over twelve years of designing, constructing and installing these systems worldwide.  Keeping close to the original simple system, but with continuous design improvements from this extensive experience, the EnerWaste systems now offer the most robust and practical Waste-To-Energy plants available in the world.


Key Characteristics of EnerWaste Mass Burn Systems


    The combustion chambers are fabricated of individual, easily handled refractory panels, which are shipped to the prepared site for quick assembly.  Very simple, robust air-cooled wall and insulated wall designs are possible with this configuration. Future repair is very easy to do. The design is optimized for relatively small systems, i.e. 50 to 400 tons of MSW per day.  Other manufacturers of waste to energy systems focus on larger regional applications in the 2000 tpd range.  They are designed by an army of engineers and are very expensive, complex, and impractical. 


    EnerWaste tailors emission control to meet any local standards required, from simple to complex, including USA Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and European Community emission limits. As a by-product to waste disposal and incineration, the system can produce steam, hot water, and/or generate electricity. The combustion residue, ash can be transformed into saleable products through vitrification.


    The focus of EnerWaste's designs is always simplicity and practicality. Lack of sophistication and complexity make construction, operation, and training of personnel much easier. Capital and operating costs are much lower compared to other designs.


    Emission scrubbing improvements in recent years have greatly reduced adverse environmental impacts. Emissions from WTE plants with the latest scrubbers now are significantly less than that from landfills. Even the latest and best landfills emit harmful air emissions, which are impossible to properly control (email EnerWaste for documentation). Of course ground water contamination is always a threat with landfills.


    In mass burning refractory panel-type unit, waste is taken on an as-received basis and feed to the incinerator with minimal preprocessing. This is the type of incineration currently practiced at the Nova Scotia facility, where 300 tpd of municipal garbage are treated.


    The EnerWaste solution feature SIMPLICITY, LOWEST COSTS, RELIABILITY, AND PROVEN INCINERATION TECHNOLOGY. Our product range accommodates most types of waste. We have shipped to most continents worldwide. THERE IS NO BETTER INCINERATION SYSTEM AVAILABLE in the world for industry and small to medium sized cities for waste disposal.  Available with or without energy recovery.  Available with any level of scrubber required. Available with VIT's combustion ash vitrification facility to produce environmentally benign materials.




    The Seley Burner Barge/Waste Incineration System was designed to safely and efficiently dispose of solid waste material.  The incinerator proper is part of an overall system that includes a barge for transport, fuel storage, and foundation for the entire system.  Overall barge dimensions are 312' long, 68' wide and 19' deep.  The incinerator Olivine 24.6") x 33:  high gross volume 15,550 cubic feet. Specifically modified for oil spill waste the incinerator fires at a range of 1600 - 18000 F.  If used for wood waste disposal, burns at a rate of 15 tons per hour.




    EnerWaste Industrial/Biomass incinerator may be combined with - Core Separator System.


    The Core Separator, LSR's patented technology, achieves high performance without the attendant problems of fabric filters, electrostatic precipitators, or wet scrubbers.  It operates dry and without the need for energy-consuming enhancements. It is simple, reliable, and easy to maintain.


    In 1996, the Core Separator was selected for the prestigious R&D 100 Awards, signifying the most important technology-based products of the past year, not only in the U.S. but.  The biggest refractory panel-type unit is the B.C., Canada, where 1000 tons per day of wood waste are combusted.  Prefabricated refractory panels have been used in more than 100 high volume industrial waste systems worldwide.  Systems range in size from small half - ton per hour to 60 tons per hour.  There is no simpler or lower cost system available.  Energy recovery is available; any level of emission control can be included, tailored to the level of sophistication and automation desire.




    The biggest refractory panel-type unit is the B.C., Canada, where 1000 tons per day of  wood waste are combusted.


    Prefabricated refractory panels have been used in more than 100 high volume industrial waste systems world-wide.  Systems range in size from small half - ton per hour to a 60 tons per hour. There is no simpler or lower cost system available.  Energy recovery is available, any level of emission control can be included, tailored to the level of sophistication and automation desire.




 INDUSTRIAL WASTE   RICE HULLS                                      WOOD WASTE


Bagasse                                   High volume                                         Up to 1000 tons per day

Biomass                                  Excellent ash quality

Liquid waste

RR ties

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Utilizing Drip Irrigation Technology for Onsite

Wastewater Treatment



    “Onsite wastewater treatment systems have traditionally been viewed as the septic tank / soil absorption system.  These traditional systems have been utilized with reasonable effectiveness where site and soil conditions permit, but where conditions are unfavorable, these systems have a high failure rate.  Consequently, advanced onsite wastewater treatment technologies were developed to address opportunities presented by the more challenging situations.


    Advances to onsite system technology include the use of pump dosed systems which place wastewater in the specific zone of the soil that offers best potential for treatment and renovation.  Drip treatment systems offer wastewater generators the ability to place domestic or industrial wastewater in the soil at very slow and controlled rates.


    Land Treatment by subsurface slow rate disposal is considered to be an innovative technology that successfully answers the challenge of proper environmental management.  Subsurface slow rate treatment is achieved through an underground drip absorption system serving as a slow rate soil reactor.  This system achieves significant levels of organic, nitrogen and fecal coliform removal while facilitating phosphorous absorption to soil particles at the same time substantially reducing fecal coliform and facilitating phosphorous fixes to the soil.  The loading rate is specified according to soil characteristics with data such as soil permeability rates of the more restrictive layers, rainfall, evaporation and evapotranspiration rates, and nutrient balances taken into careful consideration.


    Subsurface slow rate disposal systems for land treatment consist of the following components:


Pretreatment:  All types of pretreatment systems can be used.  Check with the manufacturer for recommendations.


Pumping and Control: Required to operate the TIMED dosing cycles, zone selection, filter backflushing, lateral flushing, flow control and other system vitals.

Filtration:  A fully automatic filter system prevents the solids from entering into the delivery system.  Filters should be backwashed on a preset frequency and / or by sensing pressuring differential through the filters.


Control Valves: A drip soil absorption field is divided into zones, with only one zone being activated with each dose cycle.  The delivery network includes automatic zone control valves and air release valves that allow air to escape, but more importantly allows air into the lines at the end of each cycle.


Dripperline:  A drip soil absorption field consists of polyethylene tubing laterals installed in parallel lines on contour within each zone.  The dripperline's distal end is connected to a collecting manifold allowing automatic monthly line flushing.  Good design will achieve at least 2 ft. per second flushing velocities at distal end.  There are 2 types of drip emitters available, pressure compensating and non-pressure compensating.  The use of subsurface drip ensures excellent distribution uniformity and maximizes conditions for biological reduction.


    Drip system design begins with an assessment of the site and soil resources available to assimilate wastewater and wastewater constituents.  Generally, drip systems are used to overcome limitations associated with slow permeability, seasonal high water tables or severe slopes.  Hydraulic loadings to wastewater receiver sites can be designed at rates as low as 0.01 gpd/ft2.  These very conservative rates allow for infiltration into all but the very slowly permeable soils.  Area loading rates are generally specified at between 0.05 to 0.2 gallons per square foot per day.  One of the biggest advantages to the drip system is the ability to provide the dose / rest cycles, which facilitate wastewater infiltration into the soil.  Time dosed rather than demand dosed systems allow for the even spacing or dosing of effluent through the day rather than just at the time generated.  The process of spreading the wastewater over the demand day allows liquid to infiltrate between doses.


    Time dosing is one of the most powerful of the wastewater management technique that drip systems allow.  The drip lines can be charged with very low prescribed volumes of liquid and in a very short period of time.  This promotes distribution of liquid to each line and optimizes treatment.  The rapid charging time associated with drip systems optimizes the treatment in the soil and minimizes the time wasted to charge the entire wastewater of effluent distribution network.


    Drip treatment systems offer another alternative for managing wastewater.  When drip treatment systems are used, a comprehensive site evaluation and design by onsite professionals familiar with drip treatment technology, careful and precise designation of each required system component, installation by qualified contractors and operation by competent individuals is imperative.  Drip treatment systems are not irrigation systems.  Drip treatment technology offers wastewater managers an excellent alternative.  Each component of this wastewater management alternative requires input from qualified specialists skilled in the areas of wastewater characterization, site evaluation, system design, and installation and system management.


    Presently there are hundreds of drip systems in operation, and most industry professionals are observing the effects of time and continued use on system performance.  Among these effects are, kind of maintenance needed and frequency of mechanical breakdowns.  With overall system evaluations designers are finding out a lot about installation and design techniques.  Development of more sophisticated management tools offered by the decreasing cost of electronic instrumentation i.e. remote sensing systems, modem links, data logging of systems operation, etc, is allowing greater flexibility in operation and maintenance reporting of historical data for long term system performance.


    In the hierarchy of wastewater management alternatives, drip treatment systems are precise and cost-effective effluent delivery systems."  As, reported by Thomas A. Sinclair, Dr. Bob Rubin, Richard J. Otis P.E.


A. INSTALLATION COST-Drip disposal systems are price competitive.  The larger the daily discharge flows, the more competitive drip systems are compared to other systems. Factors, such as soil importing and challenging topography could make the cost for a system higher.


B. PROBLEM SITES-Drip is ideal for wooded and sloping sites and for sites lacking adequate soil depth. If the site lacks a large contiguous area for disposal, the site can be divided into different areas to achieve the total area needed for disposal.


C. RELIABILITY-Netafim drip tubing has been used for irrigation for the past 22 years.  Netafim tubing has been used in wastewater disposal for the past 10 years.  The tubing has been excavated, exposed, and inspected without showing signs of deterioration.


Other on-site disposal systems, such as low-pressure dose systems, risk a greater chance of soil failure within 25 years due to the way these systems overload the soil organically and hydraulically with wastewater.


D. LOW MAINTENANCE COST-Depending on the size of the system, an operation and maintenance contract (per state requirement) will be cost competitive with monthly
municipal wastewater fees.


Additional maintenance costs for items not covered by the operation and maintenance contract have been minor.  We have systems in operation for over five years in Texas that have not required additional maintenance.




This system will notify our maintenance department for any of the following reasons:


1.Power Outage-

However, as soon as power is restored the system will automatically restart.


2.High Water-

If the owner is using more water than the system is designed to discharge, our maintenance department will be notified.  In turn, the owner will be contacted to make them aware of the problem.


3.Flow Variance in the Disposal Field-

If a fence company drills a hole into a drip tubing or a backhoe cuts a main, the system will detect a flow variance and notify our maintenance department.  A flow variance of over 50% will automatically shut down the system until a maintenance technician is dispatched to the site to repair the problem.



This capability allows our maintenance department to log in and review the operation of the system.



This information allows the owner to be aware of the actual amount of wastewater he is using. This information can be especially useful when a system needs to be expanded. This empirical data can save the owner a significant part of his expansion cost.



It is important not to overload the disposal area by exceeding daily design wastewater flows.  The Perc Rite system is designed to dispose of a set amount of water. The system will not exceed this design value. Not overloading the fields with wastewater will prevent premature system failure.



The drip disposal fields are divided into different zones.  The management unit is programmed to dose each zone at different times throughout a 24-hour period.  Zones are alternated to allow resting cycles between doses.  This prevents instantaneous overloading of the soil. Time dosing allows the wastewater flows to be assimilated into the soils over the full 24 hour day and 7 day week not just during times of peak flows.



There is no need for the operator to turn valves or make adjustments to the system because the system is fully automatic.


As reported by the Company on their Web Site






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