I have written that Muhammad was a warrior. History suggests I’m correct. Today’s violence in the Middle East suggests a Bin Laden was the modern day warrior leader while his followers believe in a warrior type solution to converting everyone.
Peaceful Muslims whom believe in the same historical figure head as the leader of there faith has blood on his hands from his crusades ending in Jerusalem
By Austin Cline, About.com Guide
Muslims have rioted over Danish cartoons depicting Muhammad. Why? One claim has been that Islam forbids visual depictions of Muhammad, which is strange given how often images of Muhammad appear in Muslim history. We can also find many visual images of Muhammad in European history, all without Muslims rioting and threatening to destroy civil liberties. Here you will find numerous images of Muhammad, some Muslim and some European, accompanied by verses of war and violence in the Quran.
Islam during the Crusades
The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570 AD. We know very little about his early life, but we do know that in mid-life (610 AD) he experienced a series of revelations from the angel Gabriel. Soon afterward, he began preaching publicly. The people of Mecca were pagans and they did not like Muhammad's harsh criticisms of their practices; in 622, he and his family emigrated to Medina. This move is called the hijra (or Hegira) and marks year 1 of the Islamic calendar.
Muhammad was much more successful at Medina. It was here that he began preaching that his followers were commanded by God to convert or else conquer the neighboring tribes. Expansion followed rapidly, and in 630 they had conquered Mecca. Muhammad himself died in 632.
He was recognized by his followers to be what he claimed to be: the final and true prophet, following in a direct tradition from Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. We have nothing from Muhammad's hand. The sacred book of Islam, the Koran (Quran), was written down in final form in 651 and 652, by his followers who knew him directly and intimately.
The word "Islam" means submission. A Muslim is one who submits to God (Allah = the God), to the will of God, and to God's law. The first obligation of the Muslim is to acknowledge Allah and to recognize him as the one and only God, and to acknowledge that Muhammad is his prophet. Anyone, therefore, can be a Muslim; like Christianity, it was a religion that from the beginning sought out and welcomed converts.
The tone of the Koran is highly moralistic, emphasizing ethics and proper behavior. There is very little in it that is theological or abstract, but there is much about diet, charity toward the poor, and various ceremonies. Muslims were to treat one another with justice and mercy, for unity within the faith was paramount. Non-believers were to be given the opportunity to convert, but should they refuse, the Koran recommends holy war (jihad).
The foundation of the faith is the "five pillars": the shahada, or profession of faith; the salat, daily worship consisting of praying five times daily; the sawm, which is the fasting during the month of Ramadan; the zakat, or the giving of alms; and the hajj--the pilgrimage to Mecca which every Muslim is supposed to undertake at least once.
The Koran was written in Arabic; in fact, it can fairly be said that the Koran helped create Arabic as a written language. The Koran is not supposed to be translated; or, at least, the faithful are supposed to read the holy book in Arabic, not in translation. Moreover, prayers must be in Arabic. This emphasis on one language created a unity within Islam. Even after the common people learned to pray in their own tongues, Arabic continued to be the only language of the religiously educated, much the same way Latin was in the West, or Greek in the East. An educated Muslim gentleman could go anywhere the Muslim world, from Spain to India, and find not only a ready welcome but people who spoke a common language and shared a common faith.
Despite bitter political divisions, and even despite religious divisions, Islam was a single cultural entity. Leaders were supposed to at least pretend they were trying to protect and further that unity, or to restore it.
The First Four Centurias
Islamic Crusades vs. Christian Crusades
Who should own the "Kingdom of Heaven"?
The unexpected consequence or effect of the film, for me at least, is that I came away from the film with a deeper conviction that neither the Muslims nor the Christians should have fought over Jerusalem. The city historically and originally belonged to the Jews; they owned it a thousand years before Christ came and 1600 before Muhammad came. And when they were exiled, many came back, as soon as it was feasible; the love for this city runs deeply in them. So it belongs to them today. It is simply a myth to assume that Muslims or Christians won Jerusalem by some kind of divine right or by an unchallenged assumption that says, "of course they own the region."
With that said, however, the film makes an erroneous assumption. It assumes that the European Crusaders and the Muslim Crusaders stand on an equal footing when they fight over Jerusalem. The opposite is true. When the Medieval Christians fought over earthly ground, they abandoned the example of Jesus Christ. However, when the Muslims fought over Jerusalem and conquered other cities, they were following the example of their prophet Muhammad. So the two religions do not stand on the same ground whatsoever.
To clarify this unintended consequence and this opposing outlook on military conquest, this article is divided into two main sections. The first clarifies the early Muslim Crusades at the founding of Islam. Once we understand its origins, then we will understand its later history. The second section deals with Jesus’ view of Jerusalem and how this should influence Christians today, and the second section also analyzes the Islamic view of Jerusalem, as represented by two academic Muslims working in America..
All About Muhammad
Whenever any criticism of Islam's expansion by the sword is mentioned, Muslims point to the Crusades as one of their justifications for their own sordid history. Muslim propagandists were especially vocal concerning the Crusades immediately after the 9/11 attacks. Even ex-President Clinton, in a speech at Georgetown University after 9/11, said that the Crusades were the "root cause" of our present conflict with Muslims. This is the same Mr. Clinton who turned down an offer of the Sudan to deliver Osama 'bin Laden to U.S. jurisdiction previous to 9/11!
Muhammad: The Warrior Prophet
By Richard A. Gabriel Originally published by MHQ magazine. Published Online: May 17, 2007
The long shadow of Muhammad stretches across centuries of strife to the present. Today an estimated 1.4 billion Muslims around the globe follow his teachings—the word of God as revealed to Muhammad and set down in the Koran—making Islam the world's second-largest religion behind Christianity. But despite Muhammad's remarkable accomplishments, there is no modern account of his life that examines his role as Islam's first great general and the leader of a successful insurgency. Had Muhammad not succeeded as a commander, however, Islam might have been relegated to a geographic backwater—and the conquest of the Byzantine and Persian empires by Arab armies might never have occurred.
The idea of Muhammad as a military man will be new to many. Yet he was a truly great general. In the space of a single decade he fought eight major battles, led eighteen raids, and planned another thirty-eight military operations where others were in command but operating under his orders and strategic direction. Wounded twice, he also twice experienced having his positions overrun by superior forces before he managed to turn the tables on his enemies and rally his men to victory. More than a great field general and tactician, he was also a military theorist, organizational reformer, strategic thinker, operational-level combat commander, political-military leader, heroic soldier, and revolutionary. The inventor of insurgency warfare and history's first successful practitioner, Muhammad had no military training before he commanded an army in the field. (Story continued)
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